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Criminal Jury Instructions Criminal Jury Instructions Home

Jury box and benchPart 2: General Instructions

2.1 OPENING
2.1-1 Court's Duty to Instruct
2.1-2 Function of Court and Jury

2.2 CONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES
2.2-1 Presumption of Innocence
2.2-2 Burden of Proof
2.2-3 Reasonable Doubt
2.2-4 Defendant's Option to Testify

2.2-5 Self-represented Defendant

2.3 MENS REA
2.3-1 Intent: General and Specific -- § 53a-3 (11)
2.3-2 Evidence of Intent
2.3-3 Knowledge -- § 53a-3 (12)
2.3-4 Recklessness -- § 53a-3 (13)
2.3-5 Criminal Negligence -- § 53a-3 (14)
2.3-6 Intent to Defraud

2.4 EVIDENCE IN GENERAL
2.4-1 Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
2.4-2 Credibility
2.4-3 Impeachment -- Inconsistent Statements
2.4-4 Impeachment -- Whelan Rule
2.4-5 Impeachment -- Prior Convictions or Misconduct of Witness
2.4-6 Failure to Produce Witness
2.4-7 Defendant's Testimony
2.4-8 Impeachment – Prior Convictions of Defendant

2.5 SPECIAL TYPES OF WITNESSES
2.5-1 Expert Testimony
2.5-2 Accomplice Testimony
2.5-3 Informant Testimony
2.5-4 Testimony of Police Officials

2.5-5 Complaining Witness Testimony

2.6 SPECIAL TYPES OF EVIDENCE
2.6-1 Proximate Cause
2.6-2 Motive
2.6-3 Consciousness of Guilt
2.6-4 Identification of Defendant
2.6-5 Other Misconduct of Defendant
2.6-6 Multiple Defendants
2.6-7 Judicial Notice
2.6-8 Evidence Admitted for a Limited Purpose
2.6-9 Stipulations

2.6-10 Third Party Culpability
2.6-11 Multiple Charges and Multiple Informations

2.6-12 Medical Treatment Evidence
2.6-13 Other Misconduct - Criminal Sexual Behavior

2.7 GENERAL DEFENSES
2.7 Introduction to General Defenses
2.7-1 Intoxication -- § 53a-7
2.7-2 Alibi
2.7-3 Duress -- § 53a-14
2.7-4 Entrapment -- § 53a-15
2.7-5 Diminished Capacity

2.8 JUSTIFICATION DEFENSES
2.8 Introduction to Justification Defenses
2.8-1 Self-Defense and Defense of Others -- § 53a-19
2.8-2 Exceptions to Justification: Provocation, Initial Aggressor, Combat by Agreement -- § 53a-19 (c)
2.8-3 Exceptions to Use of Deadly Physical Force: Duty to Retreat, Surrender Property, Comply with Demand -- § 53a-19 (b)
2.8-4 Defense of Premises -- § 53a-20
2.8-5 Defense of Personal Property -- § 53a-21
2.8-6 Use of Physical Force by Peace Officer in Making Arrest or Preventing Escape -- § 53a-22 (c)
2.8-7 Use of Physical Force by Private Person at the Request of a Peace Officer in Making Arrest or Preventing Escape -- § 53a-22 (d)
2.8-8 Use of Physical Force by Private Person to Make an Arrest -- § 53a-22 (f)
2.8-9 Resisting Arrest by Physical Force -- § 53a-23

2.9 AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSES
2.9 Introduction to Affirmative Defenses
2.9-1 Affirmative Defense
2.9-2 Lack of Capacity -- § 53a-13
2.9-3 Inoperability of Firearm -- § 53a-16a
2.9-4 Unarmed Coparticipant -- § 53a-16b

2.10 CONCLUDING
2.10-1 Duties Upon Retiring
2.10-2 Note-Taking
2.10-3 Sympathy
2.10-4 When Jury Fails to Agree (“Chip Smith”)
2.10-5 When Alternate Juror Empaneled after Deliberations have Begun

2.11 COMMON SEGMENTS OF OFFENSE INSTRUCTIONS
2.11-1 Possession
2.11-2 Lesser Included Offenses
2.11-3 Conclusion: Guilty / Not Guilty
2.11-4 Sentence Enhancers
2.11-5 Commission of a Class A, B, or C Felony with an Assault Weapon or Firearm -- § 53-202j and § 53-202k
2.11-6 Specific Unanimity

2.12 PART B INFORMATIONS
2.12 Introduction
2.12-1 Persistent Offenders -- § 53a-40, § 53a-40a, § 53a-40d and § 53a-40f
2.12-2 Subsequent Offenders
2.12-3 Commission of a Crime while on Release -- § 53a-40b
 

  

1. Preliminary and Trial Instructions | 2. General Instructions | 3. Vicarious Liability and Inchoate Crimes | 4. Crimes Against Administration of Government | 5. Crimes Against Life | 6. Crimes Against Security of Person | 7. Sex Crimes | 8. Crimes Against Public Health, Safety and Welfare | 9.  Crimes Against Property | 10. Criminal Writings, Financial Crimes, and Fraud | Jury Instructions Home | Judicial Home


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