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Criminal Jury Instructions

Criminal Jury Instructions Home

4.5-7  Tampering with a Juror -- 53a-154

Revised to December 1, 2007

The defendant is charged [in count ___] with tampering with a juror.  The statute defining this offense reads in pertinent part as follows: 

a person is guilty of tampering with a juror if (he/she) influences any juror in relation to any official proceeding to or for which such juror has been drawn, summoned or sworn.

For you to find the defendant guilty of this charge, the state must prove the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt:  

Element 1 - Communication
The first element is that the defendant communicated with <insert name of juror>. 

Element 2 - With juror
The second element is that, at the time of the communication, <insert name of juror> was then a juror.  A "juror" is any person who has been drawn or summoned to serve or act as a juror in any court. 

Element 3 - Intent to influence
The third element is that the defendant's communication influenced the juror in relation to the proceeding1 in which <insert name of juror> was a juror.  

Element 4 - Unauthorized communication
The fourth element is that the communication by the defendant with the juror was not authorized by law.2 


In summary, the state must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that 1) the defendant communicated with <insert name of juror>, 2) <insert name of juror> was a juror at the time of the communication, 3) the defendant influenced <insert name of juror> in relation to the proceeding which (he/she) was a juror, and 4) the communication was not authorized by law.

If you unanimously find that the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt each of the elements of the crime of tampering with a juror, then you shall find the defendant guilty.  On the other hand, if you unanimously find that the state has failed to prove beyond a reasonable doubt any of the elements, you shall then find the defendant not guilty.

1 General Statutes 53a-146 (1).  The statutory definition of "official proceeding" includes many proceedings that would not be heard by a jury, so reading the entire definition is not necessary.

2 This element, while not derived from the statutory language, is inserted to distinguish criminal conduct from conduct that might be constitutionally protected.


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