Common Legal Words
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Disclaimer: The information on this web
page is provided as a service and a convenience by the Connecticut Judicial
Branch. It is not intended as legal advice to any person. If you have
questions about the use of these forms, your legal rights, or particular
issues in your case, it is strongly recommended that you talk to an
Due to the changing nature of the law, the forms and
information found on this web site will change from time to time. It is up
to you to follow the current procedures and to file the correct, up-to-date
forms. Each court location has a Clerk's Office and many locations also have
a Court Service Center that
can give you help and information about court procedures. Please note,
however, that Clerk's Office and Court Service Center personnel cannot
provide you with legal advice.
These instructions are to help you represent yourself in collecting
on a civil judgment. Legal words and court documents can be confusing.
If a judgment has been entered for you and the party that owes you money
has not paid, you may seek to collect on your judgment. Some information
about filling out forms in connection with the collection of a judgment
may make you more comfortable with the procedures when you come to
court. These instructions will give you some useful information and
instructions on filling out any necessary forms.
Every case is
different and these instructions are to be used as a guide only; if you
think you need more help you may want to get an attorney. You can also
go to a Court Service Center or
contact the Connecticut Network for
or find additional information at the
Law Libraries. Court Staff
can help you understand the legal process, and while they may give you
procedural information, they cannot give you legal advice.
Some forms that you may need to collect on a Civil Judgment include:
Post Judgment Interrogatories are questions that are
sent to defendants that have not paid as ordered. The person who is owed
money is allowed to ask the person who owes the money several questions to
see if any funds can be found. The questions on the form include questions
about bank accounts, jobs, and other assets.
- Post Judgment Remedies – Interrogatories (JD-CV-23)
- Interrogatories (JD-CV-23a)
- Petition for Examination of Judgment Debtor/Notice of Hearing (JD-CV-54)
- Wage Execution Proceedings, Application, Order, Execution (JD-CV-3)
- Exemption and Modification Form, Wage Execution (JD-CV-3a)
- Property Execution Proceedings, Application, Order, Execution (JD-CV-5)
- Exemption Claim Form, Property Execution (JD-CV-5b)
- Financial Institution Execution Proceedings, Judgment Debtor who is a Natural Person, Application, Execution (JD-CV-24)
- Financial Institution Execution Proceedings – Judgment Debtor who is NOT a Natural Person, Application and Execution (JD-CV-24N)
- Exemption Claim Form, Financial Institution Execution (JD-CV-24a)
The Petition for Examination of Judgment Debtor and Notice of Hearing is a form that you may fill out if
you are owed money by a defendant that has not paid as ordered by the court.
You would fill out the form, send it to the Clerk’s Office and you would get
a date for a hearing. The form would be given back to you and you would need
to have a State Marshal deliver or serve the order for hearing on the
defendant. At the hearing, the defendant would have to answer questions
under oath about his or her income and his or her assets.
There are three types of Executions that you can seek to levy against a defendant that
has not paid as ordered in a judgment. There are Property Executions, Wage
Executions, and Financial Institution or Bank Executions. You file the
application for execution of your choice and the accompanying exemption form
and pay the fee. The fee you pay can also be collected as an amount owed to
you. After you receive the completed Execution back from the Clerk’s Office,
you give the Execution to a State Marshal to have it delivered to or served
on the other party. There is no fee to you to have a State Marshal attempt
the Execution against the debtor. The Clerk’s Office or the Court Service
Center can give you a list
of State Marshals. The State Marshal will let you know if the execution
is levied. If the Marshal is unable to levy the execution it is necessary to
return any unsatisfied execution to the Clerk’s Office.
For Help - You may go to the
Court Service Center for help completing these or any other forms. Any additional procedural questions that you might have may also be directed to the staff of the Court Service Center.